The Constitution is divided into three parts. The first part, the preamble, describes the purpose of the document and the federal government. The second part, the seven articles, explains how the government is structured and how the constitution can be amended. The third part, the amendments, lists the amendments to the Constitution; the first 10 are called the Bill of Rights. The rest of the Constitution consisted of seven articles and amendments. The seven articles describe the three branches of government, as well as the specific powers and responsibilities of government. Each article contains different sections and clauses that help organize the document. Amendments are additions and amendments made to the Constitution since its ratification. The Constitution itself is divided into three main parts, the preamble, seven articles and amendments. The preamble or introduction describes the primary purpose of the U.S. Constitution and why it was necessary. The preamble explains why the Constitution was drafted and what are the main objectives it hopes to achieve.
The most important part of the preamble are the first three words: “We, the people. that indicate where our government comes from, that is, the people who are governed. The Constitution of the United States was created by the peoples of a nation, not by a monarchy ruled by a distant tyrannical king. The U.S. Constitution contains a preamble and seven articles that describe how government is structured and how it operates. The first three articles define the three branches of government and their powers: legislative (Congress), executive (office of the president) and judicial (federal judicial system). A system of checks and balances prevents one of these distinct powers from becoming dominant. Articles four to seven describe the relations of the Länder with the Federal Government, establish the Constitution as the supreme law of the Land and define the processes of amendment and ratification. Courtesy of the Museum of Boston Fine Arts Collection After twelve amendments, including ten to the Bill of Rights, were sent to the states in June 1789, North Carolina ratified the Constitution.
Eventually, after rejecting the Constitution in a referendum in March 1788, Rhode Island convened a ratification agreement in 1790. Faced with the risk of being treated as a foreign government, it ratified the constitution by only two votes.  The ratification of the conventions of nine States is sufficient for the establishment of this Constitution between the States which ratify it.  Article VII describes the process of ratifying the Constitution. He called for special agreements of ratification by States. Nine states had to adopt the constitution. Rhode Island was the 13th state to ratify the Constitution in 1790. – Defend the nation against threats and others that will harm or harm the nation. Article V explains the amendment process, which is different and more difficult than the law-making process. If two-thirds of the Senate and two-thirds of the House of Representatives vote to amend the Constitution, an amendment is put to a vote in the state legislatures. Alternatively, two-thirds of state legislatures can file a motion with Congress, and then Congress convenes a national convention at which states propose amendments.
Three-quarters of state legislators or state conventions must vote in favor of an amendment in order to ratify it. · Article IV – Defines the rules and relations between States Article IV describes the powers of States in relation to each other. States have the power to create and enforce their own laws, but must respect the laws of other states and help enforce them. Congress may pass federal laws about how states comply with the laws and records of other states. The Constitution was ratified by the 13 states between December 7, 1787 and May 29, 1790 as follows: – Protect the right of the people to work for a high standard of living or good living conditions. Article II describes the executive branch and offices of the President and Vice-President. It lays down the rules relating to the election of the president (by the electoral college), eligibility to vote (must be a naturally born citizen aged at least 35 years) and the duration of the mandate. The 12th and 25th amendments changed some of these rules. In 1787 and 1788, after the Constitutional Convention, a great debate took place in the United States on the draft Constitution. Supporters of the Constitution began the ratification campaign in states where there was little or no controversy, postponing the most difficult ones until later. · Article V – Establishes the rules and procedures for amending the Constitution The purpose of our federal government, as set out in the preamble to the Constitution, is “to establish justice, ensure internal peace, ensure common defense, promote the general welfare, and ensure the blessings of freedom for ourselves and our descendants.” The Founding Fathers established three main principles on which our government is based: On September 20, 1787, three days after its adoption by the Constitutional Convention, the draft Constitution was submitted to the Congress of the Confederation for approval.
After eight days of debate, the opposing parties reached the first of a long series of compromises that would define the ratification process. The Confederate Congress voted to make the draft constitution available to states for consideration, but neither advocated nor rejected its ratification.  On June 21, 1788, New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify the Constitution, establishing it as a new framework of government for the United States. Although officially enacted, four states, Virginia, New York, North Carolina and Rhode Island, remained outside the new administration. The Congress of the Confederation chose 4 March 1789 as the day “for the opening of proceedings under the Constitution”.  Virginia and New York ratified the Constitution before members of the new Congress met on the agreed day to implement the new administration. The U.S. Constitution is the foundation of our federal government. It is often called the supreme law of the land; No law may be passed that contradicts its principles. At the same time, it is flexible and allows for changes in government. The Constitution is known as a “living” document because it can be amended, even though there have only been 27 amendments in more than 200 years.
– Form or create a better system of courts and judicial procedures. · Additional Amendments – Amendments 11 to 27 (6) “Ensuring the blessings of freedom for ourselves and our descendants.” Article III establishes the judiciary with the U.S. Supreme Court as the highest court in the federal judicial system. It states that federal judges are appointed for life unless they commit a serious crime. This article is shorter than Articles I and II. The Federal Convention left much of the planning work of the judicial system to the First Congress. The Justice Act of 1789 created the three-tiered justice system in effect today. Article seven of the United States Constitution specifies the number of ratifications by states required for the Constitution to enter into force and prescribes the method by which states may ratify it. In accordance with article VII, constitutional ratification conventions have been held in each of the thirteen States, with the ratification of nine States required for the entry into force of the Constitution. Delaware was the first state to ratify the Constitution on December 7, 1787. On June 21, 1788, New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify the Constitution and ensure that the Constitution would come into effect. Rhode Island was the last state to ratify the Constitution under Article VII, on May 29, 1790.
They hoped to build a government stronger and more effective than the Articles of Confederation. · Article VII – Describes the process of ratification or approval of the Constitution Article VI states that federal law is supreme or superior to state and local laws. This means that if a state law conflicts with a federal law, federal law prevails. · Article VI – declares that the Constitution is the supreme law of the land Article I assigns responsibility for legislation to the legislature (Congress). Congress is divided into two parts or “chambers”, the House of Representatives and the Senate. The bicameral Congress was a compromise between the big states, which wanted representation on the basis of population, and the small ones, which wanted the states to have equal representation. Protect equality of freedom for yourself and for generations of Americans to come. The Constitution established a Federal Democratic Republic. It is the federal government system; it is democratic because the people govern themselves; and it is a republic because the power of the government comes from its people. After the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), the states operated according to the Articles of Confederation, but the Articles offered little advice to the States.
In September 1786 there was a meeting in Annapolis, Maryland, where representatives from New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Virginia, and Pennsylvania met to see what they could do against trade barriers between states. The system of government created by the Articles of Confederation did not regulate interstate trade and needed to be changed. . “We, the people of the United States, to form a more perfect Union, to establish justice, to ensure inner peace, to ensure common defense, to promote universal well-being, and to ensure the blessings of freedom for ourselves and our prosperity, to order and to the establishment of this Constitution for the United States of America.”